How to Prevent High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure, also called hypertension, affects about 75 million people in the United States alone. That is a third of adults over the age of 20. More people are dying from hypertension-related diseases than from the next three deadliest diseases combined.

It is predicted that 1.56 billion people will be affected worldwide by hypertension by 2025 if something serious isn’t done to solve the problem. It is often referred to as the “silent killer” since people do not often experience symptoms until it’s too late.

What Is Hypertension?

Our heart pumps blood throughout the body to deliver nutrients and oxygen to each part of the body. The blood pressure is a measure of the force required for blood to circulate through the blood vessels and pump blood throughout the body. Hypertension is when there is too much pressure in the blood vessels. This excessive chronically high pressure damages the blood vessels and cause major health problems. Some of the complications include:

Causes of Hypertension

Hypertension is mainly caused by lifestyle and diet choices.  Some of the most common causes of hypertension are:

Diagnosis and Tests

There are two important numbers when blood pressure is taken using a sphygmomanometer: systolic pressure and diastolic pressure.

Normal readings are around 120 mmHg systolic over 80 mmHg diastolic

Blood pressure can increase with age since the arteries become stiffer and narrower from plaque build-up. Spikes in blood pressure are normal. For example, blood pressure can be temporarily elevated when we’re excited, acutely stressed, and after intensive exercise. Blood pressure is lower when we sleep and just upon awakening.

High blood pressure is diagnosed when the blood pressure is persistently elevated on at least three separate days.

Treatment and Prevention of High Blood Pressure

The best way to treat or prevent hypertension is by making some lifestyle and diet changes. These include:

If you suspect that you many suffer from hypertension, reach out to Dr. Payal Bhandari M.D. She will determine the cause(s) of the hypertension and devise a personalized treatment plan. By optimizing your lifestyle and assessing if blood pressure medication are necessary, Dr. Bhandari will keep control and/or resolve your hypertension.

Dr. Payal Bhandari Dr. Payal Bhandari M.D. is a leading practitioner of integrative and functional medicine in San Francisco.

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